5 popular java development frameworks

There are plenty of Java frameworks available on the web, and developers use them quite frequently to build websites. These frameworks offer lots of functions and reduce the working hours by leaps and bounds. These frameworks make the coding process faster, thanks to their inbuilt modules and functions.

Sometimes too many options can confuse you and that is exactly the case with Java frameworks. If you ask for suggestions in web development and programming forums, every developer will give you different suggestions based on his personal likes and dislikes. As a result, it becomes very difficult to select the one framework that will fit all your requirements.

Here in this article, I will discuss the features of some well known Java frameworks and I assure you that my sole intention is to not influence your decision. Read the following paragraphs to get a comprehensive idea and then decide, what suits you best?



It’s a powerful and lightweight open source web development framework, loved by thousands of developers all over the world for its scalability, speed and performance. It uses the Java and Scala programming languages and if you have knowledge in Scala, it should not take more than an hour to get used to with this framework. The user interface of Play is simple and intuitive, thus it does not take time to understand the basic features. One of the key features of Play is that you don’t need to compile your codes, just deploy and restart. While developing an app, you can easily see the new changes by simply hitting the refresh button. This feature saves a lot of time during web development. It has just one config file and rest of the configuration is done automatically. Play also comes with testing tools that let developers test their application within the framework.

However, Play is not flawless. It has some weaknesses and one of them is version incompatibility. For example, Play 1 is not compatible with Play 2. Besides, if you know Scala, only then it’s useful for you. Otherwise, you have to learn Scala and it’s a difficult language to learn.



It’s an open source web development framework which is built upon frameworks like Hibernate, Spring and GROMS. One of the strong positive qualities of Grails is the Enterprise Java Beans or EJB support. EJB helps developers start their work immediately. They don’t need to configure the XML. This framework offers speedy development features and lets you create highly robust and scalable applications. There are plenty of ready-made modules available in Grails and you can use them for your work. It offers unit testing feature and based on your requirements, you can integrate other testing frameworks as well.

Spring Framework


It’s one of the most popular frameworks that help you create high performing and testable applications. It takes care of petty usability features so that you don’t have to code everything and can focus on the main features of your project. One of the unique advantages of Spring is that it lets you connect various components and as a result, you can create a solution for intricate problems. Some of the other features it offers are cloud support, support to traditional database rdbms as well as new nosql, better security and compatibility to mobile.

Struts 2


This framework has been created by Apache foundation. This open source web application framework comes with a collection of utilities and set of JSP custom tag libraries. The core architecture is pretty simple and extendible. The features of Struts 2 are almost similar to Spring MVC except that Struts is faster and provides better UI support. Struts 2 has been in the market for a long time and developers still prefer it high time.



It’s an open source, multi language, Integrated Development Environment. This framework is used for creating rich client side apps. With the help of Eclipse, you can build native applications that can run on Windows, Safari and Linux. It also comes with updated features for deploying desktop apps. Developers can code in Eclipse using a number of languages including SCALA, Ruby, C, C++ and COBOL. The framework can be extended easily using plug-ins.

Happy Learning !!

7 thoughts on “5 popular java development frameworks”
    1. Sorry, I am much aware of grails and it’s advantages. But, my wild guess would be great “DI – dependency injection” feature in spring and it’s flexibility to work with other frameworks.

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