Angular HttpClient with RxJS Observable Example

Learn to use angular HttpClient service to fetch data from online REST APIs and return it as Observable object/array. Upon any data event, the subscribers of observable will react.

Table of Contents

HTTPClient Setup
Create service which return Observable
Create observer which subscribe to Observable
View HTML Template
Demo

HTTPClient Setup

To use HTTPClient service, you need to do two steps:

  1. Import HttpClientModule in root module

    Import HttpClientModule module from @angular/common/http package and add it’s entry in imports attribute of @NgModule.

    import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
    import { HttpClientModule } from '@angular/common/http'; 
    import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
    import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
    
    @NgModule({
      declarations: [
        AppComponent
      ],
      imports: [
        BrowserModule,
        HttpClientModule
      ],
      providers: [],
      bootstrap: [AppComponent]
    })
    export class AppModule { }
    
  2. Inject HttpClient in service constructor

    Now inject actual HttpClient service in your service code as start using it.

    import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
    import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';
    
    @Injectable({
      providedIn: 'root'
    })
    export class EmployeeService {
    
      constructor(private http: HttpClient) { }
    
    }
    

Create service which return Observable

We will consume the REST API created with REST mock server. Let’s edit the code of employee service class and return Observable from it.

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';
import { Employee } from '../model/employee';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs';

@Injectable({
  providedIn: 'root'
})
export class EmployeeService {

  constructor(private http: HttpClient) { }

  public getEmployees(): Observable<Employee[]> 
  {
    const url = 'http://localhost:3000/employees';

    return this.http.get<Employee[]>(url);
  }
}

Above code, hits the REST API "/employees" and fetch employee array. It then return the employee array as observable collection. Any method can subscribe to it to listen data events on this array.

FYI, Employee is model class to store data.

export class Employee {

  public id: number;
  public name: string;
  public status: string;

  constructor(id:number, name:string, status:string) {
    this.id = id;
    this.name = name;
    this.status = status;
  }
  
}

Create observer which subscribe to Observable

We will create subscriber in component file. It will read the data from observable array and assign to model attribute. Model attribute can be used to map data from UI.

import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { EmployeeService } from './service/employee.service';
import { Employee } from './model/employee';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-root',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./app.component.css']
})
export class AppComponent {
  title = 'app';
  employees = new Array<Employee>();

  constructor( empService:EmployeeService ) {

    empService.getEmployees().subscribe(response => 
    {
      this.employees = response.map(item => 
      {
        return new Employee( 
            item.id,
            item.name,
            item.status
        );
      });
    });

  } 
}

View HTML Template

Time to update view HTML which will render employee array data as soon as it’s available.

<h1>
  Angular HTTP Service Example
</h1>
<table border="1" style="width: 33%">
  <tr>
    <th>Id</th>
    <th>Name</th>
    <th>Status</th>
  </tr>
  <tr *ngFor="let emp of employees">
    <td>{{ emp.id }}</td>
    <td>{{ emp.name }}</td>
    <td>{{ emp.status }}</td>
  </tr>
</table>

Demo

To test the above written code, you will to start mock REST server as well as angular application.

  1. Start Mock server with this command.
    $ json-server --watch 'E:\ngexamples\db.json'
    
  2. Start angular application with command.
    $ ng serve
    

Check the application in browser.

Angular HttpClient with RxJS Observable Example
Angular HttpClient with RxJS Observable Example

Drop me your comments in sourcecode.

Happy Learning !!

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