In this tutorial, I am listing down some examples which will help you to write pointcut expressions to match any kind of method joint points into your spring application. For complete AspectJ pointcut language, please refer to the AspectJ programming guide available on AspectJ’s web site.
1) Matching Method Signature Patterns
The most typical pointcut expressions are used to match a number of methods by their signatures.
Matching all methods within a class in another package
For example, the following pointcut expression matches all of the methods declared in the
EmployeeManager interface. The preceding wildcard matches methods with any modifier (public, protected, and private) and any return type. The two dots in the argument list match any number of arguments.
Matching all methods within a class within same package
You can omit the package name if the target class or interface is located in the same package as this aspect.
Matching all public methods in EmployeeManager
Use public keyword in start, and use * to match any return type.
execution(public * EmployeeManager.*(..))
Matching all public methods in EmployeeManager with return type EmployeeDTO
Use public keyword and return type in start.
execution(public EmployeeDTO EmployeeManager.*(..))
Matching all public methods in EmployeeManager with return type EmployeeDTO and first parameter as EmployeeDTO
Use public keyword and return type in start. Also, specify your first parameter as well. Rest parameters can be matched through two dots.
execution(public EmployeeDTO EmployeeManager.*(EmployeeDTO, ..))
Matching all public methods in EmployeeManager with return type EmployeeDTO and definite parameters
Use public keyword and return type in start. Also, specify all parameter types as well.
execution(public EmployeeDTO EmployeeManager.*(EmployeeDTO, Integer))
2) Matching Type Signature Patterns
When applied to Spring AOP, the scope of these pointcuts will be narrowed to matching all method executions within the certain types only.
Matching all methods defined in classes inside package com.howtodoinjava
It’s much like previous example.
Matching all methods defined in classes inside package com.howtodoinjava and classes inside all sub-packages as well
For including, sub-packages use two dots.
Match all methods with a class in another package
Much like previous example using execution keyword.
Match all methods with a class in same package
In case of same package, drop package name.
Match all methods within all all implementing classes of EmployeeManager interface
Use + (plus) sign to match all implementations of an interface.
3) Matching Bean Name Patterns
You can match all beans as well having a common naming pattern e.g.
Match all methods defined in beans whose name ends with ‘Manager’.
It’s quite easy one. Use an * to match anything preceding in bean name and then matching word.
4) Combining Pointcut Expressions
In AspectJ, pointcut expressions can be combined with the operators && (and), || (or), and ! (not). e.g.
Match all methods with names ending with Manager and DAO
Use ‘||’ sign to combine both expressions.
bean(*Manager) || bean(*DAO)
I hope that above information will help you when you face any difficulty in determining the correct pointcut expression in your application.
Happy Learning !!