Python print() Method

Python print() function prints the given string or object to the standard output. The standard output is the screen or to the text stream file.

Example: Print an integer to Screen

print("Learning Python is Easy.")

i = 100
print("The value of i is: ", a)

Program output.

Learning Python is Easy.
The value of i is: 100

Syntax of print() Method

The complete syntax of the print() function is:

print(*objects, sep=' ', end='\n', file=sys.stdout, flush=False)

Method Parameters

The print() method parameters are:

  • objects – It takes the objects to the printed in the screen. It can take more than one object as method argument.
  • sep – If multiple objects are printed than the objects are separated by sep. The default value of sep is ' '.
  • end – It is printed at the last of the output. The default value is new line character (\n). This is the reason each print() statement displays the output in the new line.
  • file – It must be an object with write(string) method. If not specified, sys.stdout is used which prints output on the screen.
  • flush – It specifies if the output stream has to be forcibly flushed. Default value is False which does not forcibly flush the stream.

Remember that sep, end, file and flush are the keyword arguments. A keyword argument is passed into method with its name.

Method Return Value

The print() method does not return any value. It returns None.

Example: Keyword arguments in print() Method

print("A", "B", "C", "D", sep = ' # ')

Program output.

A # B # C # D

Python print() Method Examples

Let’s look at few examples to understand how to use the print() method.

Example 1: Using print() with sep and end parameters

print("A", "B", "C", "D", sep = ' # ', end = ' Done \n')

Program output.

A # B # C # D Done 

Example 2: Using print() with file parameter

  • The given Python program tries to open the demo.txt in writing mode.
  • If demo.txt file doesn’t exist, a new file is created and opened in writing mode.
  • The string object 'Hello, Python !' is printed to demo.txt file into your computer.
  • Do not forget to close the file using close() method.
sourceFile = open('demo.txt', 'w')
print('Hello, Python !', file = sourceFile)

Program output.

Hello, Python !

Happy Learning !!

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