Learn to convert
Stream. It may be desired at times when we want to utilize excellent support of lambda expressions and collectors in Java Stream API.
1. Converting Iterable to Stream
The Iterables are useful but provide limited support for lambda expressions added in Java 8. To utilize full language features, it is desired to convert the iterable to stream.
To convert, we will use
iterable.spliterator() method to get the Spliterator reference, which is then used to get the
StreamSupport.stream(spliterator, isParallel) method.
//Iterable Iterable<String> iterable = Arrays.asList("a", "b", "c"); //Iterable -> Stream //false means sequential stream Stream<String> stream = StreamSupport.stream(iterable.spliterator(), false);
- The above code is only linking the
Iterablebut the actual iteration won’t happen until a terminal operation is executed.
- The second argument in
StreamSupport.stream()determines if the resulting
Streamshould be parallel or sequential. Set it
truefor a parallel stream and
falsefor sequential stream.
2. Converting Iterator to Stream – Java 8
The Iterator to Stream conversion follows the same path as Iterable to Stream.
The only difference is that the
Iterator interface has no
spliterator() method so we need to use
Spliterators.spliteratorUnknownSize() method to get the
spliterator. Rest everything is same.
// Iterator Iterator<String> iterator = Arrays.asList("a", "b", "c") .listIterator(); //Extra step to get Spliterator Spliterator<String> splitItr = Spliterators .spliteratorUnknownSize(iterator, Spliterator.ORDERED); // Iterator -> Stream Stream<String> stream = StreamSupport.stream(splitItr, false);
3. Converting Iterator to Stream – Java 9
Java 9 has made the syntax a little easier and now we don’t need to use
Spliterator explicitly. Rather it uses a
Predicate to decide until when the elements shall be taken.
// Iterator Iterator<String> iterator = Arrays.asList("a", "b", "c") .listIterator(); Stream<String> stream = Stream.generate(() -> null) .takeWhile(x -> iterator.hasNext()) .map(n -> iterator.next());
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Happy Learning !!