Java String concat()

The Java String.concat() concatenates the specified string to the end of the current string.

Internally, Java creates a new character array with a combined length of the current and argument string. Then it copies all content from both strings into this new array. Finally, the combined character array is converted to a new string and returned.

1. String.concat() API

The concat() API concatenates the specified string to the end of this string.

public String concat(String str);

2. String.concat() Example

The following Java program concatenates two strings to produce a combined string.

String str = "Hello";

Assertions.assertEquals("Hello World", str.concat(" World"));

3. Null and Empty Strings

Note that the method will return the original string if we can pass an empty string as the argument string.

Assertions.assertEquals("Hello", str.concat(""));

The null is not an accepted input and causes NullPointerException.

Assertions.assertThrows(NullPointerException.class, ()->{

Happy Learning !!

References: Java String Doc

Source Code on Github


Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments

About Us

HowToDoInJava provides tutorials and how-to guides on Java and related technologies.

It also shares the best practices, algorithms & solutions and frequently asked interview questions.