Jersey + MOXy JSON Example

This tutorial explains how to use MOXy JSON feature with Jersey 2.x. MOXy is the default JSON-Binding Provider in Jersey 2.x. Though I still personally prefer Jackson over MOXy for performance reasons.

Table of Contents

MOXy maven dependencies/changes
REST API code
Model bean changes
Manually adding MoxyJsonFeature
Customize behavior using MoxyJsonConfig
Demo

MOXy maven dependencies/changes

MOXy media module is one of the modules in Jersey 2.x where you don’t need to explicitly register it’s features e.g. MoxyJsonFeature. Once Jersey detects added it’s presence in class path, it automatically registers it. So just add MOXy dependency in pom.xml does half work.

<dependency>
	<groupId>org.glassfish.jersey.media</groupId>
	<artifactId>jersey-media-moxy</artifactId>
	<version>2.19</version>
</dependency>

REST API code

At Service side, where your APIs are written, you need to enable JSON media types using @Produces(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON) annotation.

JerseyService.java

@Path("/employees")
public class JerseyService 
{
	@GET
	@Produces(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)
	public Employees getAllEmployees() 
	{
		Employees list = new Employees();
		list.setEmployeeList(new ArrayList<Employee>());
		
		list.getEmployeeList().add(new Employee(1, "Lokesh Gupta"));
		list.getEmployeeList().add(new Employee(2, "Alex Kolenchiskey"));
		list.getEmployeeList().add(new Employee(3, "David Kameron"));
		
		return list;
	}
}	

Model bean changes

At model beans side, you don’t need to put any annotation or any configuration. It will work by default. You even don’t need to put any root annotation as well.

Employees.java

public class Employees 
{
	private List<Employee> employeeList;

	public List<Employee> getEmployeeList() {
		return employeeList;
	}

	public void setEmployeeList(List<Employee> employeeList) {
		this.employeeList = employeeList;
	}
}

Employee.java

public class Employee 
{
	private Integer id;
	private String name;
	
	public Employee() {
		
	}
	
	public Employee(Integer id, String name) {
		this.id  = id;
		this.name = name;
	}

	public Integer getId() {
		return id;
	}

	public void setId(Integer id) {
		this.id = id;
	}

	public String getName() {
		return name;
	}

	public void setName(String name) {
		this.name = name;
	}
	
	@Override
	public String toString() {
		return "Employee [id=" + id + ", name=" + name + "]";
	}
}

Manually adding MoxyJsonFeature

Though MoxyJsonFeature is registered automatically, if you wish to register it manually, you can add it in configuration as below.

public class CustomApplication extends Application
{
	//Add Service APIs
	@Override
	public Set<Class<?>> getClasses() 
	{
		Set<Class<?>> resources = new HashSet<Class<?>>();

		//register REST modules
		resources.add(JerseyService.class);

		//Manually adding MOXyJSONFeature
		resources.add(org.glassfish.jersey.moxy.json.MoxyJsonFeature.class);

		//Configure Moxy behavior
		resources.add(JsonMoxyConfigurationContextResolver.class);

		return resources;
	}
}

And add this Application class in web.xml file.

<!DOCTYPE web-app PUBLIC
 "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Web Application 2.3//EN"
 "http://java.sun.com/dtd/web-app_2_3.dtd" >

<web-app>

	<display-name>Archetype Created Web Application</display-name>

	<servlet>
		<servlet-name>jersey-serlvet</servlet-name>
		<servlet-class>org.glassfish.jersey.servlet.ServletContainer</servlet-class>
		<init-param>
			<param-name>javax.ws.rs.Application</param-name>
			<param-value>com.howtodoinjava.jersey.CustomApplication</param-value>
		</init-param>
		<load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
	</servlet>

	<servlet-mapping>
		<servlet-name>jersey-serlvet</servlet-name>
		<url-pattern>/rest/*</url-pattern>
	</servlet-mapping>

</web-app>

Customize behavior using MoxyJsonConfig

There are certain features with MOXy provides on top of JAXB, you can enable/disable these features by providing MoxyJsonConfig implementation.

//Register ContextResolver<MoxyJsonConfig> to override 
//default behavior of marshaling/un-marshaling attributes

@Provider
public class JsonMoxyConfigurationContextResolver implements ContextResolver<MoxyJsonConfig> 
{

	private final MoxyJsonConfig config;

	public JsonMoxyConfigurationContextResolver() 
	{
		final Map<String, String> namespacePrefixMapper = new HashMap<String, String>();
		namespacePrefixMapper.put("http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance", "xsi");

		config = new MoxyJsonConfig()
				.setNamespacePrefixMapper(namespacePrefixMapper)
				.setNamespaceSeparator(':')
				.setAttributePrefix("")
				.setValueWrapper("value")
				.property(JAXBContextProperties.JSON_WRAPPER_AS_ARRAY_NAME, true)
				.setFormattedOutput(true)
				.setIncludeRoot(true)
				.setMarshalEmptyCollections(true);
	}

	@Override
	public MoxyJsonConfig getContext(Class<?> objectType) 
	{
		return config;
	}
}

JsonMoxyConfigurationContextResolver has been added in CustomApplication class above at line no. 16.

Demo

Simply deploy your application in any server and hit the URL: http://localhost:8080/JerseyDemos/rest/employees

And this will produce below output.

{
  "employeeList": [
    {
      "id": 1,
      "name": "Lokesh Gupta"
    },
    {
      "id": 2,
      "name": "Alex Kolenchiskey"
    },
    {
      "id": 3,
      "name": "David Kameron"
    }
  ]
}

Below is the hierarchy of above files in demo application.

Jersey 2.x MOXy JSON Demo Application Structure
Jersey 2.x MOXy JSON Demo Application Structure

Drop me your question and comments below.

Happy Learning !!

Reference : https://jersey.java.net/documentation/latest/media.html#json.moxy

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3 thoughts on “Jersey + MOXy JSON Example”

  1. Hi Lokesh , Thanks for this easy explanation .
    How to consume a JSON request ? I am using below code . and same configuration as explained above .

    @Path(“/fun”)
    public class MyResource {
    @POST
    @Produces(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)
    @Consumes(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)
    public Test getTestResponse(Test test){
    Test test= new Test ();
    test.setName(“ABC”);
    test.setDate(“Jan 1,2016”);
    test.setApp(“AppV2”);
    return test;
    }
    =================================================================
    Output :
    HTTP Status 415 – Unsupported Media Type

    =================================================================

    Reply

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