Java Create Password Protected Zip File

This Java tutorial covers creating password-protected zip files using a very useful library zip4j.

Java, by default, does not provide any support for password protection for file; though it has very good API support for creating/extracting zip files.

There are some other useful libraries out there, which are equally good and sometimes better than zip4j, but they use some native code as well, which makes their usage platform dependent to some extent. Zip4j uses completely java code without any support of native code, and that’s what makes it a better fit for me.

1. Zip4j

Zip4j provides following features:

  • Create, Add, Extract, Update, Remove files from a Zip file
  • Read/Write password protected Zip files
  • Supports AES 128/256 Encryption
  • Supports Standard Zip Encryption
  • Supports Zip64 format
  • Supports Store (No Compression) and Deflate compression method
  • Create or extract files from Split Zip files (Ex: z01, z02,…zip)
  • Supports Unicode file names
  • Progress Monitor

Adding Zip4j into Project

Use its maven dependency into the project.

<dependency>
    <groupId>net.lingala.zip4j</groupId>
    <artifactId>zip4j</artifactId>
    <version>2.6.1</version>
</dependency>

2. Creating password protected zip file

The given below is a very simple example of creating a password protected zip file using the library. See its Git page for extended options and more examples.

import java.io.File;
import java.util.ArrayList;

import net.lingala.zip4j.core.ZipFile;
import net.lingala.zip4j.exception.ZipException;
import net.lingala.zip4j.model.ZipParameters;
import net.lingala.zip4j.util.Zip4jConstants;

public class CreatePasswordProtectedZipExample
{
	public static void main(String[] args) 
	{
		try {
			//This is name and path of zip file to be created
			ZipFile zipFile = new ZipFile("C:/temp/test.zip");
			
			//Add files to be archived into zip file
			ArrayList<File> filesToAdd = new ArrayList<File>();
			filesToAdd.add(new File("C:/temp/test1.txt"));
			filesToAdd.add(new File("C:/temp/test2.txt"));
			
			//Initiate Zip Parameters which define various properties
			ZipParameters parameters = new ZipParameters();
			parameters.setCompressionMethod(Zip4jConstants.COMP_DEFLATE); // set compression method to deflate compression
			
			//DEFLATE_LEVEL_FASTEST 	- Lowest compression level but higher speed of compression
			//DEFLATE_LEVEL_FAST 		- Low compression level but higher speed of compression
			//DEFLATE_LEVEL_NORMAL 	- Optimal balance between compression level/speed
			//DEFLATE_LEVEL_MAXIMUM 	- High compression level with a compromise of speed
			//DEFLATE_LEVEL_ULTRA 		- Highest compression level but low speed
			parameters.setCompressionLevel(Zip4jConstants.DEFLATE_LEVEL_NORMAL); 
			
			//Set the encryption flag to true
			parameters.setEncryptFiles(true);
			
			//Set the encryption method to AES Zip Encryption
			parameters.setEncryptionMethod(Zip4jConstants.ENC_METHOD_AES);
			
			//AES_STRENGTH_128 - For both encryption and decryption
			//AES_STRENGTH_192 - For decryption only
			//AES_STRENGTH_256 - For both encryption and decryption
			//Key strength 192 cannot be used for encryption. But if a zip file already has a
			//file encrypted with key strength of 192, then Zip4j can decrypt this file
			parameters.setAesKeyStrength(Zip4jConstants.AES_STRENGTH_256);
			
			//Set password
			parameters.setPassword("howtodoinjava");
			
			//Now add files to the zip file
			zipFile.addFiles(filesToAdd, parameters);
		} 
		catch (ZipException e) 
		{
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}
}

Happy Learning !!

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9 thoughts on “Java Create Password Protected Zip File”

  1. Hi Lokesh,

    Thanks for sharing useful example.
    i have one requirement in my project like i need to send a mail with attached zipped password protected file.
    i am using JavaMailSenderImpl & MimeMessageHelper to send a TXT, CSV & XML file in mail but now client requested to send in password protected zipped file.
    i am trying to use your code but problem is MimeMessageHelper dose not allow to attach zipped file.
    did lot of search but not able to come to the Solution.
    could you please guide here if it possible ASAP.

    Note :- i already have generated file in my application(File type) just need to zipped with password and send to mail.

    Reply
  2. Hi,
    Whether this can be supported in java1.4? Are we able to do this password protected in Java 1.4 version. Kindly share if any example is there

    Reply
  3. Hi there,

    Very good example with proper comments.
    Can you please help me making a “Exiting Zip file” password protected?
    Thanks in advance!!

    Reply
  4. Hi Lokesh,
    Again very clean and simple example. zip4j has a overloaded setpassword() with char[] to avoid immutable property of string.

    Regards,
    Himansu

    Reply

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