Learn to install Maven on a Windows operating system. In this maven installation guide, we are installing Maven on a Windows 11 machine. The steps are the same for a Windows 10 machine as well.
1. Windows Environmant Variables
Maven is a build and dependency management tool for Java applications development. Just like many other Java development tools, Maven is not installed as a Windows service, rather it is configured using the Windows environment variables.
2. Steps to Install and Configure Maven
Follow the steps needed to install maven on the windows operating system.
2.1. Verify Installed JDK and ‘JAVA_HOME’ Environment Variable
We must have Java installed on our computer and the
JAVA_HOME must be set in the environment variables.
To install java, download JDK installer and install Java. Then add/update the
JAVA_HOME variable to the JDK installation folder.
On my computer,
JAVA_HOME is pointing to the JDK 17 installation folder.
2.2. Download and Extract Maven Zip File
I have extracted it on
C:\devsetup\maven. You can choose your own folder location.
Let us briefly discuss what these directories contain:
binfolder contains the batch files and shell scripts to run Maven on various platforms.
bootfolder contains the jars required for Maven to start.
conffolder contains the default
settings.xmlfile used by Maven.
libfolder contains the libraries used by Maven. It also contains an
extfolder in which third-party extensions, which can extend or override the default Maven implementation, can be placed.
M2_HOME Environment Variable
Since Maven 3.5.0, the environment variable M2_HOME is not used/supported anymore. We can skip the
M2_HOME variable setup with the latest version of Maven.
Now add the
M2_HOME to windows environment variables. The value will be the installation location on your computer.
Note that it is an optional step, yet it is highly recommended. Many external IDEs and tools rely on
M2_HOME variable to work with Maven.
2.4. Include ‘bin’ directory in PATH Variable
To run Maven commands from the console, windows should be able to locate the Maven batch files. Update the
PATH variable with
3. Verify Maven Installation
Maven installation is complete. Now, let’s test it from the windows command prompt.
- Go to start menu and type
cmdin application location search box.
ENTER. A new command prompt will be opened.
mvn -versionin command prompt and hit
$ mvn -version
mvn command runs this batch file
bin folder of the Maven installation location. That’s why we added the the location to PATH environment variable.
After checking JAVA_HOME and any optional arguments (Maven_OPTS), the batch file runs its main class
This should show the Maven version information, path to Maven
bin folder and installed Java version.
If you face any error in the command prompt then please cross-check all the above steps.
Happy Learning !!